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自己打断点走的struts流程&拦截器工作原理

 

①. 请求发送给 StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter

②. StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter 判定该请求是否是一个 Struts2 请 求(ActionMapping判断),不是就放行。

  (根据路径的后缀是 .action或者.doj进行判断)

③. 若该请求是一个 Struts2 请求,则 StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter 把请求的处理交给 ActionProxy

④. ActionProxy 创建一个 ActionInvocation 的实例,并进行初始化

⑤. ActionInvocation 实例在调用 Action 的过程前后,涉及到相关拦截 器(Intercepter)的调用。

⑥. Action 执行完毕,ActionInvocation 负责根据 struts.xml 中的配置 找到对应的返回结果。调用结果的 execute 方法,渲染结果。

⑦. 执行各个拦截器 invocation.invoke() 之后的代码

⑧. 把结果发送到客户端

 

 

 

1.页面访问Action:

自己打断点走的struts流程&拦截器工作原理 _ JavaClub全栈架构师技术笔记

 

 2.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter过滤器查看:(ActionMapping提取路径判断是否是Struts路径)

StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java

/*
 * $Id: DefaultActionSupport.java 651946 2008-04-27 13:41:38Z apetrelli $
 *
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 */
package org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter;

import org.apache.struts2.StrutsStatics;
import org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher;
import org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.mapper.ActionMapping;
import org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.ExecuteOperations;
import org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations;
import org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.PrepareOperations;

import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

/**
 * Handles both the preparation and execution phases of the Struts dispatching process.  This filter is better to use
 * when you don't have another filter that needs access to action context information, such as Sitemesh.
 */
public class StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter implements StrutsStatics, Filter {
    protected PrepareOperations prepare;
    protected ExecuteOperations execute;
    protected List<Pattern> excludedPatterns = null;

    public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {
        InitOperations init = new InitOperations();
        Dispatcher dispatcher = null;
        try {
            FilterHostConfig config = new FilterHostConfig(filterConfig);
            init.initLogging(config);
            dispatcher = init.initDispatcher(config);
            init.initStaticContentLoader(config, dispatcher);

            prepare = new PrepareOperations(dispatcher);
            execute = new ExecuteOperations(dispatcher);
            this.excludedPatterns = init.buildExcludedPatternsList(dispatcher);

            postInit(dispatcher, filterConfig);
        } finally {
            if (dispatcher != null) {
                dispatcher.cleanUpAfterInit();
            }
            init.cleanup();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Callback for post initialization
     */
    protected void postInit(Dispatcher dispatcher, FilterConfig filterConfig) {
    }

    public void doFilter(ServletRequest req, ServletResponse res, FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {

        HttpServletRequest request = (HttpServletRequest) req;
        HttpServletResponse response = (HttpServletResponse) res;

        try {
            if (excludedPatterns != null && prepare.isUrlExcluded(request, excludedPatterns)) {
                chain.doFilter(request, response);
            } else {
                prepare.setEncodingAndLocale(request, response);
                prepare.createActionContext(request, response);
                prepare.assignDispatcherToThread();
                request = prepare.wrapRequest(request);
                ActionMapping mapping = prepare.findActionMapping(request, response, true);
                if (mapping == null) {
                    boolean handled = execute.executeStaticResourceRequest(request, response);
                    if (!handled) {
                        chain.doFilter(request, response);
                    }
                } else {
                    execute.executeAction(request, response, mapping);
                }
            }
        } finally {
            prepare.cleanupRequest(request);
        }
    }

    public void destroy() {
        prepare.cleanupDispatcher();
    }

}

  

  解释:

(1)首先获取原生request和response。

(2)对request增强:

/*
 * $Id: DefaultActionSupport.java 651946 2008-04-27 13:41:38Z apetrelli $
 *
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 */
package org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionContext;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.ValueStack;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.ValueStackFactory;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.Logger;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.LoggerFactory;
import org.apache.struts2.RequestUtils;
import org.apache.struts2.ServletActionContext;
import org.apache.struts2.StrutsException;
import org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher;
import org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.mapper.ActionMapper;
import org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.mapper.ActionMapping;

import javax.servlet.ServletContext;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

/**
 * Contains preparation operations for a request before execution
 */
public class PrepareOperations {

    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(PrepareOperations.class);

    private Dispatcher dispatcher;
    private static final String STRUTS_ACTION_MAPPING_KEY = "struts.actionMapping";
    public static final String CLEANUP_RECURSION_COUNTER = "__cleanup_recursion_counter";
    private Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(PrepareOperations.class);

    @Deprecated
    public PrepareOperations(ServletContext servletContext, Dispatcher dispatcher) {
        this.dispatcher = dispatcher;
    }

    public PrepareOperations(Dispatcher dispatcher) {
        this.dispatcher = dispatcher;
    }

    /**
     * Creates the action context and initializes the thread local
     */
    public ActionContext createActionContext(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) {
        ActionContext ctx;
        Integer counter = 1;
        Integer oldCounter = (Integer) request.getAttribute(CLEANUP_RECURSION_COUNTER);
        if (oldCounter != null) {
            counter = oldCounter + 1;
        }
        
        ActionContext oldContext = ActionContext.getContext();
        if (oldContext != null) {
            // detected existing context, so we are probably in a forward
            ctx = new ActionContext(new HashMap<String, Object>(oldContext.getContextMap()));
        } else {
            ValueStack stack = dispatcher.getContainer().getInstance(ValueStackFactory.class).createValueStack();
            stack.getContext().putAll(dispatcher.createContextMap(request, response, null));
            ctx = new ActionContext(stack.getContext());
        }
        request.setAttribute(CLEANUP_RECURSION_COUNTER, counter);
        ActionContext.setContext(ctx);
        return ctx;
    }

    /**
     * Cleans up a request of thread locals
     */
    public void cleanupRequest(HttpServletRequest request) {
        Integer counterVal = (Integer) request.getAttribute(CLEANUP_RECURSION_COUNTER);
        if (counterVal != null) {
            counterVal -= 1;
            request.setAttribute(CLEANUP_RECURSION_COUNTER, counterVal);
            if (counterVal > 0 ) {
                if (log.isDebugEnabled()) {
                    log.debug("skipping cleanup counter="+counterVal);
                }
                return;
            }
        }
        // always clean up the thread request, even if an action hasn't been executed
        try {
            dispatcher.cleanUpRequest(request);
        } finally {
            ActionContext.setContext(null);
            Dispatcher.setInstance(null);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Assigns the dispatcher to the dispatcher thread local
     */
    public void assignDispatcherToThread() {
        Dispatcher.setInstance(dispatcher);
    }

    /**
     * Sets the request encoding and locale on the response
     */
    public void setEncodingAndLocale(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) {
        dispatcher.prepare(request, response);
    }

    /**
     * Wraps the request with the Struts wrapper that handles multipart requests better
     * @return The new request, if there is one
     * @throws ServletException
     */
    public HttpServletRequest wrapRequest(HttpServletRequest oldRequest) throws ServletException {
        HttpServletRequest request = oldRequest;
        try {
            // Wrap request first, just in case it is multipart/form-data
            // parameters might not be accessible through before encoding (ww-1278)
            request = dispatcher.wrapRequest(request);
            ServletActionContext.setRequest(request);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw new ServletException("Could not wrap servlet request with MultipartRequestWrapper!", e);
        }
        return request;
    }

    /**
     *   Finds and optionally creates an {@link ActionMapping}.  It first looks in the current request to see if one
     * has already been found, otherwise, it creates it and stores it in the request.  No mapping will be created in the
     * case of static resource requests or unidentifiable requests for other servlets, for example.
     */
    public ActionMapping findActionMapping(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) {
        return findActionMapping(request, response, false);
    }

    /**
     * Finds and optionally creates an {@link ActionMapping}.  if forceLookup is false, it first looks in the current request to see if one
     * has already been found, otherwise, it creates it and stores it in the request.  No mapping will be created in the
     * case of static resource requests or unidentifiable requests for other servlets, for example.
     * @param forceLookup if true, the action mapping will be looked up from the ActionMapper instance, ignoring if there is one
     * in the request or not 
     */
    public ActionMapping findActionMapping(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, boolean forceLookup) {
        ActionMapping mapping = (ActionMapping) request.getAttribute(STRUTS_ACTION_MAPPING_KEY);
        if (mapping == null || forceLookup) {
            try {
                mapping = dispatcher.getContainer().getInstance(ActionMapper.class).getMapping(request, dispatcher.getConfigurationManager());
                if (mapping != null) {
                    request.setAttribute(STRUTS_ACTION_MAPPING_KEY, mapping);
                }
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                if (dispatcher.isHandleException() || dispatcher.isDevMode()) {
                    dispatcher.sendError(request, response, HttpServletResponse.SC_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR, ex);
                }
            }
        }

        return mapping;
    }

    /**
     * Cleans up the dispatcher instance
     */
    public void cleanupDispatcher() {
        if (dispatcher == null) {
            throw new StrutsException("Something is seriously wrong, Dispatcher is not initialized (null) ");
        } else {
            try {
                dispatcher.cleanup();
            } finally {
                ActionContext.setContext(null);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Check whether the request matches a list of exclude patterns.
     *
     * @param request          The request to check patterns against
     * @param excludedPatterns list of patterns for exclusion
     *
     * @return <tt>true</tt> if the request URI matches one of the given patterns
     */
    public boolean isUrlExcluded( HttpServletRequest request, List<Pattern> excludedPatterns ) {
        if (excludedPatterns != null) {
            String uri = RequestUtils.getUri(request);
            for ( Pattern pattern : excludedPatterns ) {
                if (pattern.matcher(uri).matches()) {
                    return true;
                }
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

}

  

具体的增强方法的实现在Dispatcher.java

    /**
     * Wrap and return the given request or return the original request object.
     * </p>
     * This method transparently handles multipart data as a wrapped class around the given request.
     * Override this method to handle multipart requests in a special way or to handle other types of requests.
     * Note, {@link org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.multipart.MultiPartRequestWrapper} is
     * flexible - look first to that object before overriding this method to handle multipart data.
     *
     * @param request the HttpServletRequest object.
     * @return a wrapped request or original request.
     * @see org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.multipart.MultiPartRequestWrapper
     * @throws java.io.IOException on any error.
     *
     * @since 2.3.17
     */
    public HttpServletRequest wrapRequest(HttpServletRequest request) throws IOException {
        // don't wrap more than once
        if (request instanceof StrutsRequestWrapper) {
            return request;
        }

        String content_type = request.getContentType();
        if (content_type != null && content_type.contains("multipart/form-data")) {
            MultiPartRequest mpr = getMultiPartRequest();
            LocaleProvider provider = getContainer().getInstance(LocaleProvider.class);
            request = new MultiPartRequestWrapper(mpr, request, getSaveDir(), provider, disableRequestAttributeValueStackLookup);
        } else {
            request = new StrutsRequestWrapper(request, disableRequestAttributeValueStackLookup);
        }

        return request;
    }

  MultiPartRequestWrapper.java(增强后的request)

/*
 * $Id$
 *
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 */

package org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.multipart;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultLocaleProvider;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.LocaleProvider;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.LocalizedTextUtil;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.Logger;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.LoggerFactory;
import org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.StrutsRequestWrapper;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Locale;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Vector;


/**
 * Parse a multipart request and provide a wrapper around the request. The parsing implementation used
 * depends on the <tt>struts.multipart.parser</tt> setting. It should be set to a class which
 * extends {@link org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.multipart.MultiPartRequest}. 
 * <p/>
 * The <tt>struts.multipart.parser</tt> property should be set to <tt>jakarta</tt> for the
 * Jakarta implementation, <tt>pell</tt> for the Pell implementation and <tt>cos</tt> for the Jason Hunter
 * implementation.
 * <p/>
 * The files are uploaded when the object is instantiated. If there are any errors they are logged using
 * {@link #addError(String)}. An action handling a multipart form should first check {@link #hasErrors()}
 * before doing any other processing.
 * <p/>
 * An alternate implementation, PellMultiPartRequest, is provided as a plugin.
 *
 */
public class MultiPartRequestWrapper extends StrutsRequestWrapper {

    protected static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(MultiPartRequestWrapper.class);

    private Collection<String> errors;
    private MultiPartRequest multi;
    private Locale defaultLocale = Locale.ENGLISH;

    /**
     * Process file downloads and log any errors.
     *
     * @param multiPartRequest Our MultiPartRequest object
     * @param request Our HttpServletRequest object
     * @param saveDir Target directory for any files that we save
     * @param provider
     */
    public MultiPartRequestWrapper(MultiPartRequest multiPartRequest, HttpServletRequest request,
                                   String saveDir, LocaleProvider provider,
                                   boolean disableRequestAttributeValueStackLookup) {
        super(request, disableRequestAttributeValueStackLookup);
        errors = new ArrayList<String>();
        multi = multiPartRequest;
        defaultLocale = provider.getLocale();
        setLocale(request);
        try {
            multi.parse(request, saveDir);
            for (String error : multi.getErrors()) {
                addError(error);
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            if (LOG.isWarnEnabled()) {
                LOG.warn(e.getMessage(), e);
            }
            addError(buildErrorMessage(e, new Object[] {e.getMessage()}));
        } 
    }

    public MultiPartRequestWrapper(MultiPartRequest multiPartRequest, HttpServletRequest request, String saveDir, LocaleProvider provider) {
        this(multiPartRequest, request, saveDir, provider, false);
    }

    protected void setLocale(HttpServletRequest request) {
        if (defaultLocale == null) {
            defaultLocale = request.getLocale();
        }
    }

    protected String buildErrorMessage(Throwable e, Object[] args) {
        String errorKey = "struts.messages.upload.error." + e.getClass().getSimpleName();
        if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
            LOG.debug("Preparing error message for key: [#0]", errorKey);
        }
        if (LocalizedTextUtil.findText(this.getClass(), errorKey, getLocale(), null, new Object[0]) == null) {
            return LocalizedTextUtil.findText(this.getClass(), "struts.messages.error.uploading", defaultLocale, null, new Object[] { e.getMessage() });
        } else {
            return LocalizedTextUtil.findText(this.getClass(), errorKey, defaultLocale, null, args);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Get an enumeration of the parameter names for uploaded files
     *
     * @return enumeration of parameter names for uploaded files
     */
    public Enumeration<String> getFileParameterNames() {
        if (multi == null) {
            return null;
        }

        return multi.getFileParameterNames();
    }

    /**
     * Get an array of content encoding for the specified input field name or <tt>null</tt> if
     * no content type was specified.
     *
     * @param name input field name
     * @return an array of content encoding for the specified input field name
     */
    public String[] getContentTypes(String name) {
        if (multi == null) {
            return null;
        }

        return multi.getContentType(name);
    }

    /**
     * Get a {@link java.io.File[]} for the given input field name.
     *
     * @param fieldName input field name
     * @return a File[] object for files associated with the specified input field name
     */
    public File[] getFiles(String fieldName) {
        if (multi == null) {
            return null;
        }

        return multi.getFile(fieldName);
    }

    /**
     * Get a String array of the file names for uploaded files
     *
     * @param fieldName Field to check for file names.
     * @return a String[] of file names for uploaded files
     */
    public String[] getFileNames(String fieldName) {
        if (multi == null) {
            return null;
        }

        return multi.getFileNames(fieldName);
    }

    /**
     * Get the filename(s) of the file(s) uploaded for the given input field name.
     * Returns <tt>null</tt> if the file is not found.
     *
     * @param fieldName input field name
     * @return the filename(s) of the file(s) uploaded for the given input field name or
     *         <tt>null</tt> if name not found.
     */
    public String[] getFileSystemNames(String fieldName) {
        if (multi == null) {
            return null;
        }

        return multi.getFilesystemName(fieldName);
    }

    /**
     * @see javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest#getParameter(String)
     */
    public String getParameter(String name) {
        return ((multi == null) || (multi.getParameter(name) == null)) ? super.getParameter(name) : multi.getParameter(name);
    }

    /**
     * @see javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest#getParameterMap()
     */
    public Map getParameterMap() {
        Map<String, String[]> map = new HashMap<String, String[]>();
        Enumeration enumeration = getParameterNames();

        while (enumeration.hasMoreElements()) {
            String name = (String) enumeration.nextElement();
            map.put(name, this.getParameterValues(name));
        }

        return map;
    }

    /**
     * @see javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest#getParameterNames()
     */
    public Enumeration getParameterNames() {
        if (multi == null) {
            return super.getParameterNames();
        } else {
            return mergeParams(multi.getParameterNames(), super.getParameterNames());
        }
    }

    /**
     * @see javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest#getParameterValues(String)
     */
    public String[] getParameterValues(String name) {
        return ((multi == null) || (multi.getParameterValues(name) == null)) ? super.getParameterValues(name) : multi.getParameterValues(name);
    }

    /**
     * Returns <tt>true</tt> if any errors occured when parsing the HTTP multipart request, <tt>false</tt> otherwise.
     *
     * @return <tt>true</tt> if any errors occured when parsing the HTTP multipart request, <tt>false</tt> otherwise.
     */
    public boolean hasErrors() {
        return !errors.isEmpty();
    }

    /**
     * Returns a collection of any errors generated when parsing the multipart request.
     *
     * @return the error Collection.
     */
    public Collection<String> getErrors() {
        return errors;
    }

    /**
     * Adds an error message when it isn't already added.
     *
     * @param anErrorMessage the error message to report.
     */
    protected void addError(String anErrorMessage) {
        if (!errors.contains(anErrorMessage)) {
            errors.add(anErrorMessage);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Merges 2 enumeration of parameters as one.
     *
     * @param params1 the first enumeration.
     * @param params2 the second enumeration.
     * @return a single Enumeration of all elements from both Enumerations.
     */
    protected Enumeration mergeParams(Enumeration params1, Enumeration params2) {
        Vector temp = new Vector();

        while (params1.hasMoreElements()) {
            temp.add(params1.nextElement());
        }

        while (params2.hasMoreElements()) {
            temp.add(params2.nextElement());
        }

        return temp.elements();
    }

    public void cleanUp() {
        if (multi != null) {
            multi.cleanUp();
        }
    }

}

  

 

  (3)调用ActionMapping进行提取路径

    public ActionMapping findActionMapping(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, boolean forceLookup) {
        ActionMapping mapping = (ActionMapping) request.getAttribute(STRUTS_ACTION_MAPPING_KEY);
        if (mapping == null || forceLookup) {
            try {
                mapping = dispatcher.getContainer().getInstance(ActionMapper.class).getMapping(request, dispatcher.getConfigurationManager());
                if (mapping != null) {
                    request.setAttribute(STRUTS_ACTION_MAPPING_KEY, mapping);
                }
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                if (dispatcher.isHandleException() || dispatcher.isDevMode()) {
                    dispatcher.sendError(request, response, HttpServletResponse.SC_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR, ex);
                }
            }
        }

        return mapping;
    }

 ActionMapping封装的路径信息:

/*
 * $Id$
 *
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 */

package org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.mapper;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.Result;

import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Simple class that holds the action mapping information used to invoke a
 * Struts action. The name and namespace are required, but the params map
 * is optional, and as such may be null. If a params map is supplied,
 * it <b>must</b> be a mutable map, such as a HashMap.
 *
 */
public class ActionMapping {

    private String name;
    private String namespace;
    private String method;
    private String extension;
    private Map<String, Object> params;
    private Result result;

    /**
     * Constructs an ActionMapping
     */
    public ActionMapping() {}

    /**
     * Constructs an ActionMapping with a default result
     *
     * @param result The default result
     */
    public ActionMapping(Result result) {
        this.result = result;
    }

    /**
     * Constructs an ActionMapping with its values
     *
     * @param name The action name
     * @param namespace The action namespace
     * @param method The method
     * @param params The extra parameters
     */
    public ActionMapping(String name, String namespace, String method, Map<String, Object> params) {
        this.name = name;
        this.namespace = namespace;
        this.method = method;
        this.params = params;
    }

    /**
     * @return The action name
     */
    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    /**
     * @return The action namespace
     */
    public String getNamespace() {
        return namespace;
    }

    /**
     * @return The extra parameters
     */
    public Map<String, Object> getParams() {
        return params;
    }

    /**
     * @return The method
     */
    public String getMethod() {
        if (null != method && "".equals(method)) {
            return null;
        } else {
            return method;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @return The default result
     */
    public Result getResult() {
        return result;
    }
    
    /**
     * @return The extension used during this request
     */
    public String getExtension() {
        return extension;
    }

    /**
     * @param result The result
     */
    public void setResult(Result result) {
        this.result = result;
    }

    /**
     * @param name The action name
     */
    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    /**
     * @param namespace The action namespace
     */
    public void setNamespace(String namespace) {
        this.namespace = namespace;
    }

    /**
     * @param method The method name to call on the action
     */
    public void setMethod(String method) {
        this.method = method;
    }

    /**
     * @param params The extra parameters for this mapping
     */
    public void setParams(Map<String, Object> params) {
        this.params = params;
    }
    
    /**
     * @param extension The extension used in the request
     */
    public void setExtension(String extension) {
        this.extension = extension;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "ActionMapping{" +
                "name='" + name + '\'' +
                ", namespace='" + namespace + '\'' +
                ", method='" + method + '\'' +
                ", extension='" + extension + '\'' +
                ", params=" + params +
                ", result=" + (result != null ? result.getClass().getName() : "null") +
                '}';
    }

}

  

  自己打断点走的struts流程&拦截器工作原理 _ JavaClub全栈架构师技术笔记

 

3.  由Dispatcher调用ActionProxy处理请求

Dispatcher.class

    public void serviceAction(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, ActionMapping mapping)
            throws ServletException {

        Map<String, Object> extraContext = createContextMap(request, response, mapping);

        // If there was a previous value stack, then create a new copy and pass it in to be used by the new Action
        ValueStack stack = (ValueStack) request.getAttribute(ServletActionContext.STRUTS_VALUESTACK_KEY);
        boolean nullStack = stack == null;
        if (nullStack) {
            ActionContext ctx = ActionContext.getContext();
            if (ctx != null) {
                stack = ctx.getValueStack();
            }
        }
        if (stack != null) {
            extraContext.put(ActionContext.VALUE_STACK, valueStackFactory.createValueStack(stack));
        }

        String timerKey = "Handling request from Dispatcher";
        try {
            UtilTimerStack.push(timerKey);
            String namespace = mapping.getNamespace();
            String name = mapping.getName();
            String method = mapping.getMethod();

            ActionProxy proxy = getContainer().getInstance(ActionProxyFactory.class).createActionProxy(
                    namespace, name, method, extraContext, true, false);

            request.setAttribute(ServletActionContext.STRUTS_VALUESTACK_KEY, proxy.getInvocation().getStack());

            // if the ActionMapping says to go straight to a result, do it!
            if (mapping.getResult() != null) {
                Result result = mapping.getResult();
                result.execute(proxy.getInvocation());
            } else {
                proxy.execute();
            }

            // If there was a previous value stack then set it back onto the request
            if (!nullStack) {
                request.setAttribute(ServletActionContext.STRUTS_VALUESTACK_KEY, stack);
            }
        } catch (ConfigurationException e) {
            logConfigurationException(request, e);
            sendError(request, response, HttpServletResponse.SC_NOT_FOUND, e);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (handleException || devMode) {
                sendError(request, response, HttpServletResponse.SC_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR, e);
            } else {
                throw new ServletException(e);
            }
        } finally {
            UtilTimerStack.pop(timerKey);
        }
    }

  

④. ActionProxy 创建一个 ActionInvocation 的实例,并进行初始化

DefaultActionProxy.java

/*
 * $Id$
 *
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 */
package com.opensymphony.xwork2;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.Configuration;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationException;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.entities.ActionConfig;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.inject.Inject;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.LocalizedTextUtil;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.Logger;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.LoggerFactory;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.profiling.UtilTimerStack;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringEscapeUtils;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.Locale;


/**
 * The Default ActionProxy implementation
 *
 * @author Rainer Hermanns
 * @author Revised by <a href="mailto:hu_pengfei@yahoo.com.cn">Henry Hu</a>
 * @author tmjee
 * @version $Date$ $Id$
 * @since 2005-8-6
 */
public class DefaultActionProxy implements ActionProxy, Serializable {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 3293074152487468527L;

    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DefaultActionProxy.class);

    protected Configuration configuration;
    protected ActionConfig config;
    protected ActionInvocation invocation;
    protected UnknownHandlerManager unknownHandlerManager;
    protected String actionName;
    protected String namespace;
    protected String method;
    protected boolean executeResult;
    protected boolean cleanupContext;

    protected ObjectFactory objectFactory;

    protected ActionEventListener actionEventListener;

    private boolean methodSpecified = true;

    /**
     * This constructor is private so the builder methods (create*) should be used to create an DefaultActionProxy.
     * <p/>
     * The reason for the builder methods is so that you can use a subclass to create your own DefaultActionProxy instance
     * (like a RMIActionProxy).
     */
    protected DefaultActionProxy(ActionInvocation inv, String namespace, String actionName, String methodName, boolean executeResult, boolean cleanupContext) {

        this.invocation = inv;
        this.cleanupContext = cleanupContext;
        if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
            LOG.debug("Creating an DefaultActionProxy for namespace [#0] and action name [#1]", namespace, actionName);
        }

        this.actionName = StringEscapeUtils.escapeHtml4(actionName);
        this.namespace = namespace;
        this.executeResult = executeResult;
        this.method = StringEscapeUtils.escapeEcmaScript(StringEscapeUtils.escapeHtml4(methodName));
    }

    @Inject
    public void setObjectFactory(ObjectFactory factory) {
        this.objectFactory = factory;
    }

    @Inject
    public void setConfiguration(Configuration config) {
        this.configuration = config;
    }

    @Inject
    public void setUnknownHandler(UnknownHandlerManager unknownHandlerManager) {
        this.unknownHandlerManager = unknownHandlerManager;
    }

    @Inject(required = false)
    public void setActionEventListener(ActionEventListener listener) {
        this.actionEventListener = listener;
    }

    public Object getAction() {
        return invocation.getAction();
    }

    public String getActionName() {
        return actionName;
    }

    public ActionConfig getConfig() {
        return config;
    }

    public void setExecuteResult(boolean executeResult) {
        this.executeResult = executeResult;
    }

    public boolean getExecuteResult() {
        return executeResult;
    }

    public ActionInvocation getInvocation() {
        return invocation;
    }

    public String getNamespace() {
        return namespace;
    }

    public String execute() throws Exception {
        ActionContext nestedContext = ActionContext.getContext();
        ActionContext.setContext(invocation.getInvocationContext());

        String retCode = null;

        String profileKey = "execute: ";
        try {
            UtilTimerStack.push(profileKey);

            retCode = invocation.invoke();
        } finally {
            if (cleanupContext) {
                ActionContext.setContext(nestedContext);
            }
            UtilTimerStack.pop(profileKey);
        }

        return retCode;
    }


    public String getMethod() {
        return method;
    }

    private void resolveMethod() {
        // if the method is set to null, use the one from the configuration
        // if the one from the configuration is also null, use "execute"
        if (StringUtils.isEmpty(this.method)) {
            this.method = config.getMethodName();
            if (StringUtils.isEmpty(this.method)) {
                this.method = ActionConfig.DEFAULT_METHOD;
            }
            methodSpecified = false;
        }
    }

    protected void prepare() {
        String profileKey = "create DefaultActionProxy: ";
        try {
            UtilTimerStack.push(profileKey);
            config = configuration.getRuntimeConfiguration().getActionConfig(namespace, actionName);

            if (config == null && unknownHandlerManager.hasUnknownHandlers()) {
                config = unknownHandlerManager.handleUnknownAction(namespace, actionName);
            }
            if (config == null) {
                throw new ConfigurationException(getErrorMessage());
            }

            resolveMethod();

            if (!config.isAllowedMethod(method)) {
                throw new ConfigurationException("Invalid method: " + method + " for action " + actionName);
            }

            invocation.init(this);

        } finally {
            UtilTimerStack.pop(profileKey);
        }
    }

    protected String getErrorMessage() {
        if ((namespace != null) && (namespace.trim().length() > 0)) {
            return LocalizedTextUtil.findDefaultText(
                    XWorkMessages.MISSING_PACKAGE_ACTION_EXCEPTION,
                    Locale.getDefault(),
                    new String[]{namespace, actionName});
        } else {
            return LocalizedTextUtil.findDefaultText(
                    XWorkMessages.MISSING_ACTION_EXCEPTION,
                    Locale.getDefault(),
                    new String[]{actionName});
        }
    }

    public boolean isMethodSpecified() {
        return methodSpecified;
    }
}

  

  

 ⑤. ActionInvocation 实例在调用 Action 的过程前后,涉及到相关拦截 器(Intercepter)的调用。

DefaultActionInvocation.java

    public String invoke() throws Exception {
        String profileKey = "invoke: ";
        try {
            UtilTimerStack.push(profileKey);

            if (executed) {
                throw new IllegalStateException("Action has already executed");
            }

            if (interceptors.hasNext()) {
                final InterceptorMapping interceptor = interceptors.next();
                String interceptorMsg = "interceptor: " + interceptor.getName();
                UtilTimerStack.push(interceptorMsg);
                try {
                                resultCode = interceptor.getInterceptor().intercept(DefaultActionInvocation.this);
                            }
                finally {
                    UtilTimerStack.pop(interceptorMsg);
                }
            } else {
                resultCode = invokeActionOnly();
            }

            // this is needed because the result will be executed, then control will return to the Interceptor, which will
            // return above and flow through again
            if (!executed) {
                if (preResultListeners != null) {
                    LOG.trace("Executing PreResultListeners for result [#0]", result);

                    for (Object preResultListener : preResultListeners) {
                        PreResultListener listener = (PreResultListener) preResultListener;

                        String _profileKey = "preResultListener: ";
                        try {
                            UtilTimerStack.push(_profileKey);
                            listener.beforeResult(this, resultCode);
                        }
                        finally {
                            UtilTimerStack.pop(_profileKey);
                        }
                    }
                }

                // now execute the result, if we're supposed to
                if (proxy.getExecuteResult()) {
                    executeResult();
                }

                executed = true;
            }

            return resultCode;
        }
        finally {
            UtilTimerStack.pop(profileKey);
        }
    }

 

再看拦截器的调用原理:

  拦截器是一个继承了序列化接口的普通接口。其工作原理是讲需要被拦截的对象作为参数传到intercept()方法内,在方法内部对此对象进行处理之后再执行原方法。

拦截器接口:

Interceptor .java(是一个继承序列化接口的类)
/*
 * Copyright 2002-2006,2009 The Apache Software Foundation.
 * 
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionInvocation;

import java.io.Serializable;


/**
 * <!-- START SNIPPET: introduction -->
 * <p/>
 * An interceptor is a stateless class that follows the interceptor pattern, as
 * found in {@link  javax.servlet.Filter} and in AOP languages.
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * Interceptors are objects that dynamically intercept Action invocations.
 * They provide the developer with the opportunity to define code that can be executed
 * before and/or after the execution of an action. They also have the ability
 * to prevent an action from executing. Interceptors provide developers a way to
 * encapulate common functionality in a re-usable form that can be applied to
 * one or more Actions.
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * Interceptors <b>must</b> be stateless and not assume that a new instance will be created for each request or Action.
 * Interceptors may choose to either short-circuit the {@link ActionInvocation} execution and return a return code
 * (such as {@link com.opensymphony.xwork2.Action#SUCCESS}), or it may choose to do some processing before
 * and/or after delegating the rest of the procesing using {@link ActionInvocation#invoke()}.
 * <p/>
 * <!-- END SNIPPET: introduction -->
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * <!-- START SNIPPET: parameterOverriding -->
 * <p/>
 * Interceptor's parameter could be overriden through the following ways :-
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * <b>Method 1:</b>
 * <pre>
 * &lt;action name="myAction" class="myActionClass"&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="exception"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="alias"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="params"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="servletConfig"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="prepare"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="i18n"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="chain"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="modelDriven"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="fileUpload"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="staticParams"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="params"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="conversionError"/&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="validation"&gt;
 *     &lt;param name="excludeMethods"&gt;myValidationExcudeMethod&lt;/param&gt;
 *     &lt;/interceptor-ref&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="workflow"&gt;
 *     &lt;param name="excludeMethods"&gt;myWorkflowExcludeMethod&lt;/param&gt;
 *     &lt;/interceptor-ref&gt;
 * &lt;/action&gt;
 * </pre>
 * <p/>
 * <b>Method 2:</b>
 * <pre>
 * &lt;action name="myAction" class="myActionClass"&gt;
 *   &lt;interceptor-ref name="defaultStack"&gt;
 *     &lt;param name="validation.excludeMethods"&gt;myValidationExcludeMethod&lt;/param&gt;
 *     &lt;param name="workflow.excludeMethods"&gt;myWorkflowExcludeMethod&lt;/param&gt;
 *   &lt;/interceptor-ref&gt;
 * &lt;/action&gt;
 * </pre>
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * In the first method, the whole default stack is copied and the parameter then
 * changed accordingly.
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * In the second method, the 'interceptor-ref' refer to an existing
 * interceptor-stack, namely defaultStack in this example, and override the validator
 * and workflow interceptor excludeMethods typically in this case. Note that in the
 * 'param' tag, the name attribute contains a dot (.) the word before the dot(.)
 * specifies the interceptor name whose parameter is to be overridden and the word after
 * the dot (.) specifies the parameter itself. Essetially it is as follows :-
 * <p/>
 * <pre>
 *    &lt;interceptor-name&gt;.&lt;parameter-name&gt;
 * </pre>
 * <p/>
 * <b>Note</b> also that in this case the 'interceptor-ref' name attribute
 * is used to indicate an interceptor stack which makes sense as if it is referring
 * to the interceptor itself it would be just using Method 1 describe above.
 * <p/>
 * <!-- END SNIPPET: parameterOverriding -->
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * <b>Nested Interceptor param overriding</b>
 * <p/>
 * <!-- START SNIPPET: nestedParameterOverriding -->
 * <p/>
 * Interceptor stack parameter overriding could be nested into as many level as possible, though it would
 * be advisable not to nest it too deep as to avoid confusion, For example,
 * <pre>
 * &lt;interceptor name="interceptor1" class="foo.bar.Interceptor1" /&gt;
 * &lt;interceptor name="interceptor2" class="foo.bar.Interceptor2" /&gt;
 * &lt;interceptor name="interceptor3" class="foo.bar.Interceptor3" /&gt;
 * &lt;interceptor name="interceptor4" class="foo.bar.Interceptor4" /&gt;
 * &lt;interceptor-stack name="stack1"&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="interceptor1" /&gt;
 * &lt;/interceptor-stack&gt;
 * &lt;interceptor-stack name="stack2"&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="intercetor2" /&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="stack1" /&gt;
 * &lt;/interceptor-stack&gt;
 * &lt;interceptor-stack name="stack3"&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="interceptor3" /&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="stack2" /&gt;
 * &lt;/interceptor-stack&gt;
 * &lt;interceptor-stack name="stack4"&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="interceptor4" /&gt;
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name="stack3" /&gt;
 *  &lt;/interceptor-stack&gt;
 * </pre>
 * Assuming the interceptor has the following properties
 * <table border="1" width="100%">
 * <tr>
 * <td>Interceptor</td>
 * <td>property</td>
 * </tr>
 * <tr>
 * <td>Interceptor1</td>
 * <td>param1</td>
 * </tr>
 * <tr>
 * <td>Interceptor2</td>
 * <td>param2</td>
 * </tr>
 * <tr>
 * <td>Interceptor3</td>
 * <td>param3</td>
 * </tr>
 * <tr>
 * <td>Interceptor4</td>
 * <td>param4</td>
 * </tr>
 * </table>
 * We could override them as follows :-
 * <pre>
 *    &lt;action ... &gt;
 *        &lt;!-- to override parameters of interceptor located directly in the stack  --&gt;
 *        &lt;interceptor-ref name="stack4"&gt;
 *           &lt;param name="interceptor4.param4"&gt; ... &lt;/param&gt;
 *        &lt;/interceptor-ref&gt;
 *    &lt;/action&gt;
 * <p/>
 *    &lt;action ... &gt;
 *        &lt;!-- to override parameters of interceptor located under nested stack --&gt;
 *        &lt;interceptor-ref name="stack4"&gt;
 *            &lt;param name="stack3.interceptor3.param3"&gt; ... &lt;/param&gt;
 *            &lt;param name="stack3.stack2.interceptor2.param2"&gt; ... &lt;/param&gt;
 *            &lt;param name="stack3.stack2.stack1.interceptor1.param1"&gt; ... &lt;/param&gt;
 *        &lt;/interceptor-ref&gt;
 *    &lt;/action&gt;
 *  </pre>
 * <p/>
 * <!-- END SNIPPET: nestedParameterOverriding -->
 *
 * @author Jason Carreira
 * @author tmjee
 * @version $Date$ $Id$
 */
public interface Interceptor extends Serializable {

    /**
     * Called to let an interceptor clean up any resources it has allocated.
     */
    void destroy();

    /**
     * Called after an interceptor is created, but before any requests are processed using
     * {@link #intercept(com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionInvocation) intercept} , giving
     * the Interceptor a chance to initialize any needed resources.
     */
    void init();

    /**
     * Allows the Interceptor to do some processing on the request before and/or after the rest of the processing of the
     * request by the {@link ActionInvocation} or to short-circuit the processing and just return a String return code.
     *
     * @param invocation the action invocation
     * @return the return code, either returned from {@link ActionInvocation#invoke()}, or from the interceptor itself.
     * @throws Exception any system-level error, as defined in {@link com.opensymphony.xwork2.Action#execute()}.
     */
    String intercept(ActionInvocation invocation) throws Exception;

}

 

 具体的实现类:

ActionAutowiringInterceptor.java  intercept(ActionInvocation invocation)是拦截方法

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2006,2009 The Apache Software Foundation.
 * 
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package com.opensymphony.xwork2.spring.interceptor;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionContext;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionInvocation;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.AbstractInterceptor;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.spring.SpringObjectFactory;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.Logger;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.BeansException;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextAware;
import org.springframework.web.context.WebApplicationContext;

/**
 * <!-- START SNIPPET: description -->
 * TODO: Give a description of the Interceptor.
 * <!-- END SNIPPET: description -->
 *
 * <!-- START SNIPPET: parameters -->
 * TODO: Describe the paramters for this Interceptor.
 * <!-- END SNIPPET: parameters -->
 *
 * <!-- START SNIPPET: extending -->
 * TODO: Discuss some possible extension of the Interceptor.
 * <!-- END SNIPPET: extending -->
 *
 * <pre>
 * <!-- START SNIPPET: example -->
 * &lt;!-- TODO: Describe how the Interceptor reference will effect execution --&gt;
 * &lt;action name="someAction" class="com.examples.SomeAction"&gt;
 *      TODO: fill in the interceptor reference.
 *     &lt;interceptor-ref name=""/&gt;
 *     &lt;result name="success"&gt;good_result.ftl&lt;/result&gt;
 * &lt;/action&gt;
 * <!-- END SNIPPET: example -->
 * </pre>
 * 
 * Autowires action classes to Spring beans.  The strategy for autowiring the beans can be configured
 * by setting the parameter on the interceptor.  Actions that need access to the <code>ActionContext</code>
 * can implements the <code>ApplicationContextAware</code> interface.  The context will also be placed on
 * the action context under the APPLICATION_CONTEXT attribute.
 *
 * @author Simon Stewart
 * @author Eric Hauser
 */
public class ActionAutowiringInterceptor extends AbstractInterceptor implements ApplicationContextAware {
    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ActionAutowiringInterceptor.class);

    public static final String APPLICATION_CONTEXT = "com.opensymphony.xwork2.spring.interceptor.ActionAutowiringInterceptor.applicationContext";

    private boolean initialized = false;
    private ApplicationContext context;
    private SpringObjectFactory factory;
    private Integer autowireStrategy;

    /**
     * @param autowireStrategy
     */
    public void setAutowireStrategy(Integer autowireStrategy) {
        this.autowireStrategy = autowireStrategy;
    }

    /**
     * Looks for the <code>ApplicationContext</code> under the attribute that the Spring listener sets in
     * the servlet context.  The configuration is done the first time here instead of in init() since the
     * <code>ActionContext</code> is not available during <code>Interceptor</code> initialization.
     * <p/>
     * Autowires the action to Spring beans and places the <code>ApplicationContext</code>
     * on the <code>ActionContext</code>
     * <p/>
     * TODO Should this check to see if the <code>SpringObjectFactory</code> has already been configured
     * instead of instantiating a new one?  Or is there a good reason for the interceptor to have it's own
     * factory?
     *
     * @param invocation
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Override public String intercept(ActionInvocation invocation) throws Exception {
        if (!initialized) {
            ApplicationContext applicationContext = (ApplicationContext) ActionContext.getContext().getApplication().get(
                    WebApplicationContext.ROOT_WEB_APPLICATION_CONTEXT_ATTRIBUTE);

            if (applicationContext == null) {
                if (LOG.isWarnEnabled()) {
                    LOG.warn("ApplicationContext could not be found.  Action classes will not be autowired.");
                }
            } else {
                setApplicationContext(applicationContext);
                factory = new SpringObjectFactory();
                factory.setApplicationContext(getApplicationContext());
                if (autowireStrategy != null) {
                    factory.setAutowireStrategy(autowireStrategy.intValue());
                }
            }
            initialized = true;
        }

        if (factory != null) {
            Object bean = invocation.getAction();
            factory.autoWireBean(bean);
    
            ActionContext.getContext().put(APPLICATION_CONTEXT, context);
        }
        return invocation.invoke();
    }

    /**
     * @param applicationContext
     * @throws BeansException
     */
    public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext applicationContext) throws BeansException {
        context = applicationContext;
    }

    /**
     * @return context
     */
    protected ApplicationContext getApplicationContext() {
        return context;
    }

}

 

 

⑥. Action 执行完毕,ActionInvocation 负责根据 struts.xml 中的配置 找到对应的返回结果。调用结果的 execute 方法,渲染结果。

⑦. 执行各个拦截器 invocation.invoke() 之后的代码

⑧. 把结果发送到客户端

 

作者:QiaoZhi
来源链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/qlqwjy/p/7806338.html

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